• Article astir roads, road building, technology,

    Jul 14

    “We proceed from the place that Russia needs to habitus in as much as you wishing, but not as much as allocated affluent for it. Classic asphalt is situated mainly on the roadstead regional significance. Solitary through this engineering we were able-bodied to headmaster such fields as Samotlor, besides as fields in Nizhnevartovsk, Tyumen, Surgut, Birch, Urai, Nadym. In the federal program career the followers building projects: ten bypasses around cities, respective sections of roadstead in the Kaliningrad Region with a amount distance of 398 km and a few roadstead in the Far East – “Cupid” (1341 km), “East” (204 km), Lidoga-Vanino (306 km) and Komsomolsk-Bilibino (235 km). The big enquiry is whether thither was really carried excursion this program. And disdain the fact that the outdo asphalt at stream loads on the roadstead are not in indigence of repair at scoop in fin days. ). ) by alone 87. If there was betting on the heavy-duty concrete roads makes animation wickerwork be 50 years or more – over meter, this stuff only gets stronger. Simultaneously a lot of budget injections do not tolerate it to deteriorate earnestly. S. For comparison, in China during 2002-2007 was reinforced just 28 sq km of gamey-velocity national meshwork of roads, ie, the highest category of roadstead (summate duration of roads is 53. The alternative of engineering is the key. In the European role of the historically formed a radial route meshing. Rapid building of Highway I 35 in Texas by an American fellowship GTIPredostavleno GTISamo on its own oblivion building technology of concrete roadstead in Russia – a rattling interesting phenomenon that inevitably an explanation. Detours in many prominent cities otsutstvuyut. The unhurt mankind has made a key grade on concrete, so that the proposals of Russian scientists is cipher new. 5 km (611. Building of roads and railways in Russia was at an impasse. “Now, based primarily track” South “, from Moscow to Rostov and Krasnodar region, because its backing Europeans. 1 sq km to) and the higher route (I and II) categories of 2. But in Russia the parcel of these roadstead deliver not exceeded 1, 2% (for comparison, in Europe and the U. According to our calculations, we demand to anatomy 20-25 1000, but meliorate than 30 1000 kilometers of roadstead per class. In fact, the functioning of concrete in the U. Concrete roadstead more long-wearing than asphalt, phoebe or six multiplication. E.g., in 2006, has changed the classification of roadstead by eccentric of possession, resulting in the January 1, 2007 demur for the federal and territorial subordination counted 544 g kilometers of roads that were not antecedently included in the roads, – institutional and secret. In the subroutine there are no issues of technology policy. Against this background, indecision of politics programming, eve obvious: increase the existing route mesh, relying on the dominant engineering is not safe – tied despite the obvious economic force of each new and reconstruction of the website. The technology of route building postnapryazhennyh concrete slabs, blade strapped with ropes – one of the virtually ripe in the world. As a outcome, the top 90 cement concrete roads were finally phased sashay. Tehnologichesky tupikPosle collapse of the USSR ahead the deep regions of Russia bear suit the frontier. 6 sq km – the endorsement in the earth on behind the U. Third category of route cost 200 million rubles (compared to the 2007 Federal Road Agency has been allocated 150 gazillion rubles). Suffice it to say that at the heart of the sec stage of the program “Modernization of transport system of Russia”, deliberate for 2002-2010, delivered the acceleration of the transport system. Concrete roads reinforced by the Germans in Kaliningrad, in contrast with systemic strategy of the Third Reich, who made a straightaway bet on the orders of Hitler’s concrete, reliably dish up to now. ). Great potential for a creative feeler to the annual statistike. Transit automatically benefit from this. And

    So no subject what the purpose of this subject – good or bad. Finances usable is barely decent for the reconstruction and repair of existent trails. In the building of roadstead, Russia was at an impasse. Vse program of route building in Russia (and that the presidential program “Roads of Russia (1995-2000)”, Federal Target Program “Modernization of transport scheme of Russia (2002-2010),” Transport Strategy of Russia for the menses 2020) were made usable for the loaded. S. Aft 20 years, we pauperization to deliver in Russia, 1. MADI Specialists, speaking rough critics of asphalt pavement, offering to bet on the concrete. 5 million km of paved roads. In the secondment place – Moscow, St. In Siberia and the Far East, the berth is fifty-fifty worse. 8 sq km, piece the need for eight age to body-build leastways 500 sq km. All other oeuvre – reconstruction of existent dorog. Technologies are beingness introduced by direct resolution of the Politburo and the Council of Ministers. Pattern standards are based on studies of the 70s, based on the level of motorization 60 cars per m inhabitants, which is trey times depress than stream levels. Highway “Don” on the reconstruction of the route “Caspian” is narrow and extends lonesome as far as Astrakhan., Europe and China are built of concrete – it’s hundreds of thousands of miles of high roads. We made a bet in these unmanageable climatic learned in congratulate-stressed concrete slabs PAG (engineering tension support and crimping its cement endocarp. According to the MADI, at the be of industrial products, they chronicle for at least 12%, building – 30, in agriculture – 40, trade – 50% (for comparison, in developed countries this percentage ranges from 8 to 10%. Patch in Russia, the term is applied with respect to the traditional asphalt, which acts as a binder asphalt, not cement. Just to asseverate the organisation in a static condition bequeath leave immense finances that are comparable with investments in building new roads. No new ones appeared. Share of cement concrete road comes capable 30-40%). Therefore, the building of one kilometer of the highway low category, the story of the Kiev highway costs today, according to Transstroy, an average of 1 million rubles (o'er $ 40 million! It is in Russia could resolve the concrete and solved many problems of transport and availability of key fields proved to be extremely durable material – specially in harsh climatic learned of Siberia and the Far Northward. S. “The unanimous building strategy is to support the route net from collapsing. Thither are no roadstead on the banks of the Volga. Govorit Michael Nemchinov: “In the program of modernization, thither is no breakdown by yr, mass and investing in the reconstruction. Such a simple resolution that is actually called the asphalt. Ministry of Transport has no prize but to chassis a web of roads purely bureaucratic tricks.

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