• HIGHWAY BUILDING: Basic concepts, terminology, classification

    Dec 21

    Oznakomimsya terminology, describing the principal structural elements of the road: – Interbreeding-incision – a hybridisation-incision of the route, which characterizes the components of the invention elements – vertical alliance – a longitudinal department of the road, which characterizes the components of the structural elements – roadway – the chief, the operational role of the route on which the vehicular traffic – roadbed – the measure of excavation process the device face of the mound-tion of the road; – stripe remotion (exclusion) – Zone of the building of Ra-boat in the crossing incision of the route. The road separating the opposite direction. Not intended for use-Chen and is usually decorative – road wear – most artificially fortified role of the roadway intended for use – strengthener bar – parting of the pavement, which is placed 'tween the airfoil and the curb. Dorogi classified by purpose and by designing pokrytiya. Exercise – oeuvre front a enceinte labor-intensive, concentrated in a limited arena relefa. Classifier contains six categories of roadstead, which are characterized by the followers parameters: traffic intensity, roadway width, number of lanes, front of shoulders, the separation and fortification bands – urban roadstead are classified according to the minimum number and width of lanes, design amphetamine of movement, the front of the sidewalk.? Distinguished gamy-amphetamine, long-haul, local (zone and city ) and intra types of roads – rural roadstead. Po purpose roads are divided into: – a oecumenical-purpose roadstead. It’s asphalt, cement concrete and cobbled-bridging coating – transitional surfaces: prefabricated concrete slabs, broken endocarp, slag and gruntoschebenochnye covering – lower: stain roads, built with gravel, crushed lapidate, gravel.?

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